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Alignment: The dressing of several elements on a straight line.

Assembly Area: A designated location for forming units of platoon size or larger in preparation for a parade, review or ceremony.

Arms: A term used to normally designate the service rifle but can refer to any weapon. When in formation and a mix of weapons is carried the term arms will be used to designate all types of weapons.

Base: The element on which a movement is regulated.

Cadence: A rhythmic rate of march at a uniform step.

Center: The middle element of a formation with an odd number of elements (See figure 1-1a) or the left center element of a formation with an even number of elements.

Ceremony: A formal military formation designated to observe a specific occasion.

Column: A formation in which elements are placed one behind the other. A section or platoon is in column when members of each squad are one behind the other with the squads abreast of each other.

Commander of Troops (COT): The COT is the senior Cadet taking part in the ceremony.

Depth: The space from head to rear of an element or a formation. (The depth of an individual is considered to be 12 inches.

Distance: The space between elements in the direction of depth. Between individuals, the space between your chest and the person to your front. Between cadets in formation, the space from the front of the rear unit to the rear of the unit in front. Platoon commanders, guides, and others whose positions in a formation are 40 inches from a rank are, themselves, considered a rank. Otherwise, commanders and those with them are not considered in measuring distance between units. The color guard is not considered in measuring distance between subdivisions of the unit with which it is posted. In Cadet formations, the distance between ranks is 40 inches.

Double Time: Cadence at 180 steps (36 inches in length) per minute.

Element: An individual, squad, section, platoon, company, or other unit that is part of a larger unit.

Extended Mass Formation: The formation of a company or larger unit in which major elements are in column at close or normal interval and abreast at a specified interval greater than normal interval.

File: A single column of cadets one behind the other.

Flank: The right or left extremity of a unit, either in line or in column. The element on the extreme right or left of the line. A direction at a right angle to the direction an element or a formation is facing.

Formation: Arrangement of elements of a unit in line, in column, or in any other prescribed manner.

Front: The space occupied by an element or a formation, measured from one flank to the other. The front of an individual is considered to be 22 inches.

Guide: The individual (base) upon whom a formation, or other elements thereof, regulates its march. To guide: to regulate interval, direction, or alignment; to regulate cadence on a base file (right, left, or center).

Head: The leading element of a column.

Interval: The lateral space between elements on the same line. Interval is measured between individuals from shoulder to shoulder. It is measured between elements other than individuals and between formations from flank to flank. Unit commanders and those with them are not considered in measuring interval between elements of the unit. Normal interval between individuals is one arm's length. Close interval is the horizontal distance when the left hand is placed on the left hip.

Left (Right): Extreme left (right) element or edge of a body of cadets.

Line: A formation in which the elements are side by side or abreast of each other. A section or platoon is in line when its squads are in line and one behind the other.

Line of March: The line on which individuals or units are to march on.

Line of Troops: The line on which cadets are to form when in formation.

Loosened Sling: Indicates a sling adjusted for the movement sling arms.

Mass Formation: The formation of a company or larger unit in which the major elements are in column at close interval and abreast at close interval.

Muffling: The procedure of draping colors for mourning with a mourning streamer or black bunting. It also refers to the process of muffling the musical instruments of a band for specific types of ceremonies.

Pace: The length of a full step in quick time, 30 inches.

Parade: A parade is a ceremony that involves the movement of marching units.

Parade Sling: A sling that has all excess slack removed and is taut. The keeper is adjusted and locked in a position next to the sling tip. The sling lies on the left side of the rifle.

Piece: An individual firearm such as a rifle.

Point of Rest: The point toward which all elements of a unit establish their dress or alignment.

Quick Time: Cadence at 112 to 120 steps (12, 15, or 30 inches in length) per minute. It is the normal cadence for drills and ceremonies.

Rank: A line of cadets placed side by side.

Review: A review is a type of ceremony that omits certain elements found in a parade, but includes an inspection (trooping the line) not found in a parade.

Rigged: This term refers to the condition when uniforms and equipment are properly fitted out in the manner for which they were intended for use. Swords are considered rigged when attached to the sword sling. A Cadet is rigged when wearing the prescribed uniform or equipment.

Slow Time: Cadence at 60 steps per minute. Used for funerals only.

Snap: In commands or signals, the quality that inspires immediate response. In drill the immediate and smart execution of a movement.

Step: The distance from heel to heel between the feet of a marching individual. The half step and back step are 15 inches. The right and left steps are 12 inches. The steps in quick and double time are 30 and 36 inches, respectively.

Unit Leader: Is the individual who is drilling the unit. This can be any individual who is conducting drill or can be those assigned a specific billet such as squad leader, mustering petty officer, platoon commander, etc.

Strong Grip: The strong grip is when the thumb is wrapped around the front of the staff with the fingers wrapped to the rear.

“V” Grip: The “V” grip is with the staff placed in the “V” formed by the thumb and forefinger with the fingers extended and joined.